What are the 3 Classification of Electronic Components?

What are the 3 Classification of Electronic Components

Electronic components are circuit elements that aid in the operation of a circuit. Active, passive, and electromechanical components are the three categories into which they can be divided. The active components are profitable. They can supply energy to the circuit. On the other hand, passive components lack gain and cannot continuously give energy to the circuit.

Active components can energise or magnify the signal, whilst passive components can only reduce the energy of the signal associated with them. Electronic components can be categorised into several groups depending on various aspects, including measuring components, power supply components, and other considerations.

Elementary components:

Diodes, transistors, resistors, capacitors, inductors, LEDs, and other basic electronic components are examples of design architecture-based components. These are a circuit’s essential building blocks; without them, the circuit cannot process information or work properly. One can search for electronic components to understand such components.

Power supply components:

Signal generators, DC power supplies, and AC power supplies all fall under the heading of power supply components. Because they power the circuit, they are also known as active components.

Measurement Devices:

Electrical circuits frequently use meters and cathode ray oscilloscopes as measurement tools.

Active elements:

Active components provide energy to the circuit. The gadgets in this category have already been discussed in our conversation. Let’s take a closer look at one of the most essential active elements:

Transistor: The words “Transfer” and “Resistor” are combined to form the name “Transistor.” As a result, resistance is transferred from one circuit component to another. A transistor is a three-terminal device that may function as an amplifier and a switch. One can search for electronic components to know more about transistors.

Passive components:

These are the substances that obstruct the movement of current or supplied energy. Some of the most often utilized passive devices include the following:

  • Resistor: A resistor is a component that prevents or restricts current flow. To protect active components from failure, resistors are frequently used as current limiters.
  • Inductor: An inductor prevents AC from passing through it while allowing DC to do so. It resists AC very strongly while resisting DC very weakly. It is therefore utilised in equipment for applications where AC ripples are undesired. A magnetic field is another energy source stored by an inductor.
  • Capacitor: A capacitor is a device that holds an electrical charge in a circuit. It is used in circuits for rectifiers, filters, and other devices. Furthermore, the ability of a capacitor to provide high resistance to DC while having low reactance to AC is critical in a voltage regulator circuit. It gets rid of AC swells.


An electrical circuit used for signal amplification, data transfer, and computation that controls and directs the flow of current. It is the composition of several components. This article will give a vivid representation to the readers of the classification of electronic components. One can search for electronic components online and purchase them.

Masri serves as the Chief Content Editor at BestKodiTips. With three years of experience, she excels in creating technical content, focusing on how-to guides, Android and Kodi tutorials, app reviews, and addressing common technological challenges. She ensures to stay abreast of the latest tech updates. Outside of work, Masir finds pleasure in reading books, watching documentaries, and engaging in table tennis.

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